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Unable to Apply Scheduled Refresh Because of Dynamic Data Sources - Delta Tables

Hi folks,

I'm having a brain wrecking problem. Our company uses Azure SQLDB as the main source for our reports. As of now, we're turning about 500M rows daily and Azure SQLDB turns out isn't really helping us since it takes PBI more than 4hrs to refresh. 


We've moved to delta tables with Parquet (databricks+Spark), locally on the PBIX file it's working perfectly and gets refreshed under 10minutes. But I can't schedule a refresh online as it gives me this message : "This dataset includes a dynamic data source. Since dynamic data sources aren't refreshed in the Power BI service, this dataset won't be refreshed."


I used this blog post to be able to read DeltaTables and below is the M script used - I know we can use Relative Path function but I don't seem to be able to pinpoint where exactly on my script. Can anyone please help me on this matter? 


Many thanks,



    DeltaTableFolderContent as table,
    optional DeltaTableOptions as record
) as table =>


    DeltaTableVersion = if DeltaTableOptions = null then null else Record.FieldOrDefault(DeltaTableOptions, "Version", null),
    PartitionFilterFunction = if DeltaTableOptions = null then (x) => true else Record.FieldOrDefault(DeltaTableOptions, "PartitionFilterFunction", (x) => true),

    DeltaTableFolderContent_wFullPath = 
        Source = DeltaTableFolderContent,
        #"Added Full_Path" = Table.AddColumn(DeltaTableFolderContent, "Full_Path", each Text.Replace([Folder Path] & [Name], "=", "%3D"), Text.Type),
        #"Added File_Name" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Full_Path", "File_Name", each if Text.Length([Extension]) > 0 then List.Last(Text.Split([Full_Path], Delimiter)) else null, type text),
        Buffered = Table.Buffer(#"Added File_Name")
    #"Delimiter" = 
        Delimiter = if Text.Contains(DeltaTableFolderContent{0}[Folder Path], "//") then "/" else "\"

    #"TableSchema" = 
        ExpressionText = "type table [" & Text.Combine(metadata_columns[TableDataType], ", ") & "]",
        BufferedExpression = List.Buffer({ExpressionText}){0},
        TableSchema = Expression.Evaluate(BufferedExpression, #shared)

    #"_delta_log Folder" = 
        Source = DeltaTableFolderContent_wFullPath,
        #"Filtered Rows" = Table.SelectRows(Source, each Text.Contains([Full_Path], Delimiter & "_delta_log" & Delimiter)),
        #"Added Version" = Table.AddColumn(#"Filtered Rows", "Version", each try Int64.From(Text.BeforeDelimiter([File_Name], ".")) otherwise -1, Int64.Type),
        #"Filtered RequestedVersion" = if DeltaTableVersion = null then #"Added Version" else Table.SelectRows(#"Added Version", each [Version] <= DeltaTableVersion),
        buffered = Table.Buffer(#"Filtered RequestedVersion")

    #"DeltaTablePath" = 
        DeltaTablePath = Text.Combine(List.RemoveLastN(Text.Split(#"_delta_log Folder"{0}[Full_Path], Delimiter), 2), Delimiter) & Delimiter

    #"_last_checkpoint" = 
        #"_delta_log" = #"_delta_log Folder",
        #"Filtered Rows" = Table.SelectRows(_delta_log, each Text.EndsWith([Name], "_last_checkpoint")),
        #"Added Custom" = Table.AddColumn(#"Filtered Rows", "JsonContent", each Json.Document([Content])),
        JsonContent = #"Added Custom"{0}[JsonContent],
        CheckEmpty = if Table.RowCount(#"Filtered Rows") = 0 then [Size=-1, version=-1] else JsonContent,
        LatestCheckPointWithParts = if Record.HasFields(CheckEmpty, "parts") then CheckEmpty else Record.AddField(CheckEmpty, "parts", 1),

        #"Filtered Rows Version" = Table.SelectRows(#"_delta_log", each Text.EndsWith([Name], ".checkpoint.parquet")),
        MaxVersion = try Table.Group(#"Filtered Rows Version", {}, {{"MaxVersion", each List.Max([Version]), type number}}){0}[MaxVersion] otherwise -1,
        #"Filtered Rows MaxVersion" = Table.SelectRows(#"Filtered Rows Version", each [Version] = MaxVersion),
        CheckpointFromVersion = [version=try MaxVersion otherwise -1, size=-1, parts = Table.RowCount(#"Filtered Rows MaxVersion")],

        LastCheckpoint = Table.Buffer(Table.FromRecords({if DeltaTableVersion = null then LatestCheckPointWithParts else CheckpointFromVersion})){0}

    #"Checkpoint Files" = 
        LastCheckpointFile = {1..Record.Field(_last_checkpoint, "parts")},
        #"Converted to Table" = Table.FromList(LastCheckpointFile, Splitter.SplitByNothing(), {"part"}, null, ExtraValues.Error),
        #"Add Version" = Table.AddColumn(#"Converted to Table", "version", each Record.Field(_last_checkpoint, "version")),
        #"Add SingleFile" = Table.AddColumn(#"Add Version", "file_name", each Text.PadStart(Text.From([version]), 20, "0") & ".checkpoint.parquet", Text.Type),
        #"Add MultipleFiles" = Table.AddColumn(#"Add Version", "file_name", each Text.PadStart(Text.From([version]), 20, "0") & ".checkpoint." & Text.PadStart(Text.From([part]), 10, "0") & "." & Text.PadStart(Text.From(Record.Field(_last_checkpoint, "parts")), 10, "0") & ".parquet", Text.Type),
        AllFiles = Table.SelectColumns(if Record.Field(_last_checkpoint, "parts") = 1 then #"Add SingleFile" else #"Add MultipleFiles", "file_name"),
        AllFiles_BufferedList = List.Buffer(Table.ToList(AllFiles)),
        Content = Table.SelectRows(#"_delta_log Folder", each List.Count(List.Select(AllFiles_BufferedList, (inner) => Text.EndsWith([Name], inner))) > 0)

    #"Logs Checkpoint" = 
        Source = #"Checkpoint Files",
        #"Parsed Logs" = Table.AddColumn(Source, "Custom", each Parquet.Document([Content])),
        #"Expanded Logs" = Table.ExpandTableColumn(#"Parsed Logs", "Custom", {"add", "remove", "metaData", "commitInfo", "protocol"}, {"add", "remove", "metaData", "commitInfo", "protocol"}),
        #"Removed Other Columns" = Table.SelectColumns(#"Expanded Logs",{"Version", "add", "remove", "metaData", "commitInfo", "protocol"})
        #"Removed Other Columns",

    #"Latest Log Files" = 
        Source = #"_delta_log Folder",
        #"Filtered Rows" = Table.SelectRows(Source, each ([Extension] = ".json")),
        #"Filtered Rows1" = Table.SelectRows(#"Filtered Rows", each [Version] > Record.Field(_last_checkpoint, "version"))
        #"Filtered Rows1",

    #"Logs JSON" = 
        Source = #"Latest Log Files",
        #"Added Custom" = Table.AddColumn(Source, "JsonContent", each Lines.FromBinary([Content])),
        #"Expanded JsonContent" = Table.ExpandListColumn(#"Added Custom", "JsonContent"),
        #"Parsed Logs" = Table.TransformColumns(#"Expanded JsonContent",{{"JsonContent", Json.Document}}),
        #"Expanded Logs" = Table.ExpandRecordColumn(#"Parsed Logs", "JsonContent", {"add", "remove", "metaData", "commitInfo", "protocol"}),
        #"Removed Other Columns" = Table.SelectColumns(#"Expanded Logs",{"Version", "add", "remove", "metaData", "commitInfo", "protocol"})
        #"Removed Other Columns",

    #"Logs ALL" = 
        Source = Table.Combine({#"Logs Checkpoint", #"Logs JSON"}),
        #"Added timestamp" = Table.AddColumn(Source, "log_timestamp", each if [add] <> null then Record.Field([add], "modificationTime") else 
    if [remove] <> null then Record.Field([remove], "deletionTimestamp") else 
    if [commitInfo] <> null then Record.Field([commitInfo], "timestamp") else 
    if [metaData] <> null then Record.Field([metaData], "createdTime") else null, Int64.Type),
        #"Added datetime" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added timestamp", "log_datetime", each try #datetime(1970,1,1,0,0,0)+#duration(0,0,0,[log_timestamp]/1000) otherwise null, DateTime.Type)
        #"Added datetime",

    #"metadata_columns" = 
        Source = #"Logs ALL",
        #"Filtered Rows1" = Table.SelectRows(Source, each ([metaData] <> null)),
        MaxVersion = Table.Group(#"Filtered Rows1", {}, {{"MaxVersion", each List.Max([Version]), type number}}){0}[MaxVersion],
        #"Filtered Rows2" = Table.SelectRows(#"Filtered Rows1", each [Version] = MaxVersion),
        #"Kept First Rows" = Table.FirstN(#"Filtered Rows2",1),
        #"Removed Other Columns" = Table.SelectColumns(#"Kept First Rows",{"metaData"}),
        #"Expanded metaData" = Table.ExpandRecordColumn(#"Removed Other Columns", "metaData", {"schemaString", "partitionColumns"}, {"schemaString", "partitionColumns"}),
        #"Filtered Rows" = Table.SelectRows(#"Expanded metaData", each ([schemaString] <> null)),
        JSON = Table.TransformColumns(#"Filtered Rows",{{"schemaString", Json.Document}}),
        #"Expanded schemaString" = Table.ExpandRecordColumn(JSON, "schemaString", {"fields"}, {"fields"}),
        #"Expanded fields" = Table.ExpandListColumn(#"Expanded schemaString", "fields"),
        #"Expanded fields1" = Table.ExpandRecordColumn(#"Expanded fields", "fields", {"name", "type", "nullable", "metadata"}, {"name", "type", "nullable", "metadata"}),
        #"Added Custom" = Table.Buffer(Table.AddColumn(#"Expanded fields1", "isPartitionedBy", each List.Contains([partitionColumns], [name]), Logical.Type)),
        #"Added Custom1" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Custom", "PBI_DataType", 
    each if [type] = "long" then [PBI_DataType=Int64.Type, PBI_Text="Int64.Type", PBI_Transformation=Int64.From]
    else if [type] = "integer" then [PBI_DataType=Int32.Type, PBI_Text="Int32.Type", PBI_Transformation=Int32.From]
    else if [type] = "short" then [PBI_DataType=Int16.Type, PBI_Text="Int16.Type", PBI_Transformation=Int16.From]
    else if [type] = "byte" then [PBI_DataType=Int8.Type, PBI_Text="Int8.Type", PBI_Transformation=Int8.From]
    else if [type] = "float" then [PBI_DataType=Single.Type, PBI_Text="Single.Type", PBI_Transformation=Single.From]
    else if [type] = "double" then [PBI_DataType=Double.Type, PBI_Text="Double.Type", PBI_Transformation=Double.From]
    else if [type] = "string" then [PBI_DataType=Text.Type, PBI_Text="Text.Type", PBI_Transformation=Text.From]
    else if [type] = "timestamp" then [PBI_DataType=DateTime.Type, PBI_Text="DateTime.Type", PBI_Transformation=DateTime.From]
    else if [type] = "boolean" then [PBI_DataType=Logical.Type, PBI_Text="Logical.Type", PBI_Transformation=Logical.From]
    else [PBI_DataType=Text.Type, PBI_Text="Text.Type", PBI_Transformation=Text.From]),
        #"Expanded PBI_DataType" = Table.ExpandRecordColumn(#"Added Custom1", "PBI_DataType", {"PBI_DataType", "PBI_Text", "PBI_Transformation"}, {"PBI_DataType", "PBI_Text", "PBI_Transformation"}),
        #"Added Custom2" = Table.AddColumn(#"Expanded PBI_DataType", "ChangeDataType", each {[name], [PBI_DataType]}, type list),
        #"Added Custom3" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Custom2", "TableDataType", each [name] & "=" & (if [nullable] then "nullable " else "") & Text.From([PBI_Text]), type text),
        #"Added Custom4" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Custom3", "ColumnTransformation", each {[name], [PBI_Transformation]}, type list),
        #"Buffered Fields" = Table.Buffer(#"Added Custom4")
        #"Buffered Fields",

    #"Data" = 
        Source = #"Logs ALL",
        #"Added Counter" = Table.AddColumn(Source, "Counter", each if [remove] <> null then -1 else if [add] <> null then 1 else null, Int8.Type),
        #"Added file_name" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Counter", "file_name", each if [add] <> null then Record.Field([add], "path") else if [remove] <> null then Record.Field([remove], "path") else null, Text.Type),
        #"Filtered Rows" = Table.SelectRows(#"Added file_name", each ([file_name] <> null)),
        #"Added partitionValuesTable" = Table.AddColumn(#"Filtered Rows", "partitionValuesTable", each if [add] <> null then if Value.Is(Record.Field([add], "partitionValues"), Record.Type) then Record.ToTable(Record.Field([add], "partitionValues")) else Table.RenameColumns(Record.Field([add], "partitionValues"), {"Key", "Name"}) else null, type nullable table),
        #"Added partitionValuesJSON" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added partitionValuesTable", "partitionValuesJSON", each Text.FromBinary(Json.FromValue([partitionValuesTable]))),
        #"Grouped Rows1" = Table.Group(#"Added partitionValuesJSON", {"file_name"}, {{"partitionValuesJSON", each List.Max([partitionValuesJSON]), type nullable text}, {"isRelevant", each List.Sum([Counter]), type nullable text}}),
        #"Relevant Files" = Table.SelectRows(#"Grouped Rows1", each ([isRelevant] > 0)),
        #"Added partitionValuesTable2" = Table.AddColumn(#"Relevant Files", "partitionValuesTable", each try Table.FromRecords(Json.Document([partitionValuesJSON])) otherwise null),
        #"Added partitionValuesRecord" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added partitionValuesTable2", "partitionValuesRecord", each Record.TransformFields(Record.FromTable([partitionValuesTable]), Table.SelectRows(#"metadata_columns", each [isPartitionedBy] = true)[ColumnTransformation]), Expression.Evaluate("type [" & Text.Combine(Table.SelectRows(#"metadata_columns", each [isPartitionedBy] = true)[TableDataType], ", ") & "]", #shared)),
        #"Filtered Rows1" = Table.SelectRows(#"Added partitionValuesRecord", each PartitionFilterFunction([partitionValuesRecord])),
        #"Expanded partitionValuesRecord" = Table.ExpandRecordColumn(#"Filtered Rows1", "partitionValuesRecord", Table.SelectRows(#"metadata_columns", each [isPartitionedBy] = true)[name]),
        #"Added Full_Path" = Table.AddColumn(#"Expanded partitionValuesRecord", "Full_Path", each Text.Replace(DeltaTablePath & Text.Replace([file_name], "=", "%3D"), "/", Delimiter), Text.Type),
        #"Removed Columns3" = Table.RemoveColumns(#"Added Full_Path",{"file_name", "partitionValuesJSON", "isRelevant", "partitionValuesTable"}),
        #"Buffered RelevantFiles" = Table.Buffer(#"Removed Columns3"),
        #"Merged Queries" = Table.NestedJoin(#"Buffered RelevantFiles", {"Full_Path"}, DeltaTableFolderContent_wFullPath, {"Full_Path"}, "DeltaTable Folder", JoinKind.Inner),
        #"Removed Columns" = Table.RemoveColumns(#"Merged Queries",{"Full_Path"}),
        #"Expanded DeltaTable Folder" = Table.ExpandTableColumn(#"Removed Columns", "DeltaTable Folder", {"Content"}, {"Content"}),
        #"Added Custom1" = Table.AddColumn(#"Expanded DeltaTable Folder", "Data", each Parquet.Document([Content]), Expression.Evaluate("type table [" & Text.Combine(metadata_columns[TableDataType], ", ") & "]", #shared)),
        #"Removed Columns1" = Table.RemoveColumns(#"Added Custom1",{"Content"}),
        #"Expanded Data" = Table.ExpandTableColumn(#"Removed Columns1", "Data", Table.SelectRows(metadata_columns, each not [isPartitionedBy])[name]),
        #"Reordered Columns" = Table.ReorderColumns(#"Expanded Data", metadata_columns[name])
        #"Reordered Columns"

in #"Data"


Community Support
Community Support

Hi @anasbach17 ,

As far as I know, RelativePath is used in Web.Contents() function in power query to refresh dynamic data sources.

  • RelativePath: Specifying this value as text appends it to the base URL before making the request.


In your query, seems not find any steps which use Web.Contents() to use the RelativePath parameter.



  1. Web.Contents(), M Functions And Dataset Refresh Errors In Power BI 
  2. Using The RelativePath And Query Options With Web.Contents() In Power Query And Power BI M Code 


Best Regards,
Community Support Team _ Yingjie Li
If this post helps, then please consider Accept it as the solution to help the other members find it more quickly.





Hi @v-yingjl ,


Thank you for your reply - Indeed the RelativePath function works for WebContent which is not in my query. This query is supposed to read Parquet Tables from Azure Containers.

As of now, this is the only way I've found online to be able to read Parquet tables in PBI. Unless you have a workaround or another way to read parquet tables ? 


Thanks again,


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