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Helper V

## datediff between rows in a group

I have data in a table that can be grouped by a column, in this case, grouping id.
I want to calculate the difference between dates in each group.

Ive attempted it using a calculated column, but not succeeded. Would appreciate some expertise. Note, a measure would be equally welcome, im not wedded to the idea of a calc column, it just seemed easier due to context.

There is a sample dataset in a pbix at this link and a screenshot of the dataset below. The columns are:L

GroupID: This is the column that indicates which group the row belongs.
Date: date of the row.
order_1: order of the row within the group.
expected daydiff: the expected output from calc col or measure.

Attempt_2: My attempt that currently does not work.

```attempt2 =
VAR GrpID = Sheet1[GroupID]
VAR PrevDate = Sheet1[date].[Date]
VAR orderingVal = Sheet1[order_1]

return calculate(DATEDIFF(PrevDate, MAX(Sheet1[date]),DAY), filter(all(Sheet1),(GrpID = Sheet1[GroupID]) && (Sheet1[order_1] > orderingVal)))```

Thank you for any expertise and advice.

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION
Community Champion

@wilson_smyth

I believe this should work...

`DateDiff Column =VAR PreviousDate =    CALCULATE (        LASTDATE ( Sheet1[date] ),        ALLEXCEPT ( Sheet1, Sheet1[GroupID] ),        Sheet1[date] < EARLIER ( Sheet1[date] )    )VAR CurrentDate = Sheet1[date]RETURN    IF ( ISBLANK ( PreviousDate ), 0, DATEDIFF ( PreviousDate, CurrentDate, DAY ) )`

Hope this helps!

EDIT: This should work as a Measure

```DateDiff Measure =
VAR PreviousDate =
CALCULATE (
LASTDATE ( Sheet1[date] ),
ALLEXCEPT ( Sheet1, Sheet1[GroupID] ),
FILTER ( ALLSELECTED ( Sheet1[date] ), Sheet1[date] < MIN ( Sheet1[date] ) )
)
VAR CurrentDate =
MIN ( Sheet1[date] )
RETURN
IF ( ISBLANK ( PreviousDate ), 0, DATEDIFF ( PreviousDate, CurrentDate, DAY ) )```
9 REPLIES 9
Community Champion

@wilson_smyth

I believe this should work...

`DateDiff Column =VAR PreviousDate =    CALCULATE (        LASTDATE ( Sheet1[date] ),        ALLEXCEPT ( Sheet1, Sheet1[GroupID] ),        Sheet1[date] < EARLIER ( Sheet1[date] )    )VAR CurrentDate = Sheet1[date]RETURN    IF ( ISBLANK ( PreviousDate ), 0, DATEDIFF ( PreviousDate, CurrentDate, DAY ) )`

Hope this helps!

EDIT: This should work as a Measure

```DateDiff Measure =
VAR PreviousDate =
CALCULATE (
LASTDATE ( Sheet1[date] ),
ALLEXCEPT ( Sheet1, Sheet1[GroupID] ),
FILTER ( ALLSELECTED ( Sheet1[date] ), Sheet1[date] < MIN ( Sheet1[date] ) )
)
VAR CurrentDate =
MIN ( Sheet1[date] )
RETURN
IF ( ISBLANK ( PreviousDate ), 0, DATEDIFF ( PreviousDate, CurrentDate, DAY ) )```
Community Champion

@wilson_smyth

Okay so lets go through what the COLUMN formula actually does (the logic is the same behind the Measure formula)

Specifically how we find the PreviousDate as all else I believe is pretty straightforward

So on each row the first thing we'll do is look at the GroupID on that row

Then we'll look to find the last date that is before (less than) the date that that is on the row we are on

(and don't forget this would be only for data that has the same GroupID as the GroupID on that row)

Therefore there's no need to look at the order_1 column - the formula takes care of this.

For example imagine we are looking at the last row in your sample data

First we'll look at the GroupID on that row which is 1

then we'll look for the Last date that is less than Feb 2, 17 (the date on the current row) only for data that has a GroupID of 1

and that would be Jan 26, 17. That's how the PreviousDate will be calculated on each row.

Hope this helps!

Anonymous
Not applicable

Hello There,

I have the following scenario of data.

My Output should look like the following:

I want the date difference between EndDate and the Min Date of each group.

Helper V

hi @Anonymous

Its better to ask new questions in new posts, otherwise , threads will be long and confusing.

Its also helpful to provide a link to a powerbi file loaded with data, to aid anyone who wishes to help.

I mocked up an example myself, and think this is what you are looking for:

```Measure =

var GroupMin = calculate(min(Table1[startDate]), ALLEXCEPT(Table1,Table1[group]))
var CurrentDate = min(Table1[EndDate])

return
if(isblank(GroupMin),0, DATEDIFF(GroupMin, CurrentDate,DAY))```
Anonymous
Not applicable

I found a solution and it is along the lines of your suggestion.

So, ALLExcept does the grouping here?

I am confused on where the grouping is being done here

Helper V

Yes, AllExcept removes All Filters from all columns, Except for the Group column.

Anonymous
Not applicable

not sure if i am following. where is the grouping being performed?

Helper V

the grouping is being performed by the removal of all filters, except for the one we want to group against.

This happens in the ALLEXCEPT function.

Powerbi groups by whatever columns are in the filter context.
If we have groupID, startdate, enddate in the filter context, then it will have a row context for each distinct row of groupid, startdate,enddate.

As we remove all but groupid from the filtercontext, it now has a row for all distinct values in the reamining column, which is groupid.

Helper V

That helps a great deal, thanks!

Am i correct in saying your solution ignores the order_1 column completely for ordering, instead relying on the order of dates using LASTDATE to get the last date for the group in question?

Just want to be sure i understand how it works.

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