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Helper I
Helper I

Custom Column Randbetween

I want to Create a Custom column ( Query Editor Environment) and generate random Numbers between for example 500 to 1000. 

I have tried this formula: Number.RandomBetween(500,1000)  

 but it creates same value in all cells in Column.

How can i do this?


I found the solution: 

If i add Index Column the formula works correct.

View solution in original post

Community Champion
Community Champion

In such cases I would use another number column, like in:


    Source = Table.FromColumns({List.Numbers(0,20,1)},type table[Number = Int64.Type]),
    #"Added Custom" = Table.AddColumn(Source, "Random", each Number.RandomBetween(500+[Number]-[Number],1000))
    #"Added Custom"

The part [Number]-[Number] forces recalculation of the random number for each row. You can use any number column for this.


Specializing in Power Query Formula Language (M)
Resident Rockstar
Resident Rockstar

Hi @MarcelBeug,


I used your method here


Raw Data -



    Source = Excel.CurrentWorkbook(){[Name="Table1"]}[Content],
    #"Changed Type" = Table.TransformColumnTypes(Source,{{"Email", type text}}),
    #"Added Index" = Table.AddIndexColumn(#"Changed Type", "Index", 1, 1),
    #"Added Custom" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Index", "Custom", each 1),
    #"Added Custom1" = Table.AddColumn(#"Added Custom", "Custom.1", each Number.RandomBetween(1+[Index]-[Index],100000)),
    #"Changed Type1" = Table.TransformColumnTypes(#"Added Custom1",{{"Custom.1", Int64.Type}}),
    #"Inserted Division" = Table.AddColumn(#"Changed Type1", "Division", each [Custom.1] / 100, type number),
    #"Grouped Rows" = Table.Group(#"Inserted Division", {"Custom"}, {{"Max", each List.Max([Division]), type number}, {"AD", each _, type table}}),
    #"Expanded AD" = Table.ExpandTableColumn(#"Grouped Rows", "AD", {"Email", "Index", "Division"}, {"AD.Email", "AD.Index", "AD.Division"}),
    #"Added Custom2" = Table.AddColumn(#"Expanded AD", "Custom.1", each if [AD.Division]=[Max] then 2 else 1)
    #"Added Custom2"

Now, once the code performs the randomization for the first time in step - Added Custom1, I do not want it recalculate in following steps as I intend to do my follow up calculation based on the "Custom.1 " column value derived in Added Custom1. 


Is there a way to do that?


Thank you in advance.

New Animated Dashboard: Sales Calendar

Alternatively and similarly you can create a (temporary) column with the lower limit value in each row.


    Source = Table.FromColumns({List.Numbers(500,20,0)},type table[NumberFrom = Int64.Type]),
    #"Added Custom" = Table.AddColumn(Source, "Random", each Number.RandomBetween([NumberFrom],1000))
    #"Added Custom"
Specializing in Power Query Formula Language (M)

I found the solution: 

If i add Index Column the formula works correct.

View solution in original post

Adding the index prior to the rand function works. Thank you!

Regular Visitor

do you have the code you used?

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