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Anonymous
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## Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

Hello,

I was wondering how I could use conditional formatting in a matrix using percentiles for a measure. So, I have a measure broken up by a few dozen people in a matrix. I want the top 25% of these people (in terms of this measure) to be one color, the next 25% to be a different color, and so on.

I've included a picture of what I'm talking about. I just have a regular color scale here, but I want my measure, PPH, to be colored by each quartile as I explained above. Any ideas?

Thanks

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Anonymous
Not applicable

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

@kentyler Ahhh I see, thanks for the suggestion! I just realized however that I need to be able to change the values of PPH with a date filter, so I have a slicer on my main page which changes the dates I pull my PPH data from, and thus changes PPH. The date range and thus PPH need to be able to be changed at will. You did however give me some good ideas as to how to move forward, so thank you!

9 REPLIES 9
Super User II

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

There are 2 functions for calculating the percentile of a value, PERCENTILE.EXC and PERCENTILE.INC. According to a post I found "

both of these formula exclude one number from your series.

1. inc includes first number of the series and excludes last number.
2. Exc excludes first number of series and includes last number."

I created a calculated column using both measures and got a result of 1,2,3,4 for each value. Unfortunately

 PPH Quartile_INC Quartile_EXC 2.84 1 1 2.93 1 1 3.19 1 1 3.24 1 1 3.34 2 2 3.48 2 2 3.5 2 2 3.57 3 3 3.8 3 3 3.82 3 3 4.04 4 3 4.53 4 4 4.71 4 4 6.15 4 4

you can see that in one case 4.04 comes out 3 and in the other 4. You will have to decide whether to use INC or EXC

Here are the 2 calculated columns

Quartile_EXC = VAR QUARTILE_1 = PERCENTILE.EXC(Sheet1[PPH],.25)
VAR QUARTILE_2 = PERCENTILE.EXC(Sheet1[PPH],.5)
VAR QUARTILE_3 = PERCENTILE.EXC(Sheet1[PPH],.75)
VAR CURpph = Sheet1[PPH]
VAR RETURNVAL = IF(CURPPH <= QUARTILE_1,1,IF(CURPPH <= QUARTILE_2,2,IF(CURPPH<=QUARTILE_3,3,IF(CURPPH>QUARTILE_3,4))))
RETURN RETURNVAL

Quartile_INC = VAR QUARTILE_1 = PERCENTILE.INC(Sheet1[PPH],.25)
VAR QUARTILE_2 = PERCENTILE.INC(Sheet1[PPH],.5)
VAR QUARTILE_3 = PERCENTILE.INC(Sheet1[PPH],.75)
VAR CURpph = Sheet1[PPH]
VAR RETURNVAL = IF(CURPPH <= QUARTILE_1,1,IF(CURPPH <= QUARTILE_2,2,IF(CURPPH<=QUARTILE_3,3,IF(CURPPH>QUARTILE_3,4))))
RETURN RETURNVAL

there are the same except for the function used
You can use the conditional formatting of cells in a column to change the color based on the 1,2,3,4 value

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Anonymous
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## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

Thank you very much for your reply. However, PPH in my case is a measure, not a column in a sheet. What can I do in this case?

Super User II

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

If you can post the text of the measure, I think I can show you how to incorporate it.

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Super User II

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

percentile works against a column. so perhaps you will have to use the measure to create a calculated column

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Super User II

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

Here is some code that solves a similar problem using a measure that returns the quarter number:

```Quartile =
var FirstQ = CALCULATE(PERCENTILE.INC(Table1[Column1], .25), ALL(Table1[Column1]))
var SecondQ = CALCULATE(PERCENTILE.INC(Table1[Column1], .50), ALL(Table1[Column1]))
var ThirdQ = CALCULATE(PERCENTILE.INC(Table1[Column1], .75), ALL(Table1[Column1]))
var ThisVal = Min(Table1[Column1])
return
IF(HASONEVALUE(Table1[Column1]),
IF(ThisVal <= FirstQ, 1,
IF(ThisVal > FirstQ && ThisVal <= SecondQ, 2,
IF(ThisVal > SecondQ && ThisVal <= ThirdQ, 3, 4)
)
)
) But it still would not address the issue that percentile.inc takes a column reference```

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Anonymous
Not applicable

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

@kentyler Thank you again for your replies. The text of the measure is

PPH = IFERROR(
SUM('Data'[Solves])/SUM('Data'[Duration]),
BLANK()
)
Super User II

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

Since percentile depends on a column reference, I think you will have to write your measure as a calculated column, and then refer to that column in order to get your ranking values. You can use the DIVIDE() function to protect against divide by zero errors.

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Super User II

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

If you have problems incorporating the Measure I'd be glad to do a screen share and walk you thru it. Send me an email and I'll send you a link. ken@8thfold.com

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Anonymous
Not applicable

## Re: Conditional formatting using percentiles in a matrix

@kentyler Ahhh I see, thanks for the suggestion! I just realized however that I need to be able to change the values of PPH with a date filter, so I have a slicer on my main page which changes the dates I pull my PPH data from, and thus changes PPH. The date range and thus PPH need to be able to be changed at will. You did however give me some good ideas as to how to move forward, so thank you!

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