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Regular Visitor

## Calculating Cost Per Unit based off of a total cost

Hi,

I am needing help wrapping my head around the best way to apply a percentage based off of the total volume per item of a shipment.

Here is the data I am working with. On this shipment we have 6 different products being shipped and a total of 87 units. The total cost of that Shipment was \$167. I would like an output like the one attached at the bottom.

Thank you.

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Member

## Re: Calculating Cost Per Unit based off of a total cost

Hello @NBOnecall

A couple measures to get you to your goal.

Total Volume uses SUMX to calc qty * volume

`Total Volume = SUMX ( shipments, shipments[Qty] * shipments[Volume] )`

Quantity is just a straight sum

`SumQty = Sum(shipments[Qty])`

Total cost is done with a cross filter so the shipment id can flow back up the relationship to the cost table.

```SumCost =
CALCULATE (
SUM ( Cost[Cost] ),
CROSSFILTER ( Cost[ShipmentID], shipments[ShipmentID], BOTH )
)```

Then the mesure to allocate the cost per shipment across the lines using our [Total Volume] measure

```Total Cost =
VAR Shipment =
SELECTEDVALUE ( shipments[ShipmentID] )
VAR TotalShipmentVolume =
CALCULATE (
[Total Volume],
ALL ( shipments ),
shipments[ShipmentID] = Shipment
)
VAR LineVolume = [Total Volume]
VAR LinePortion =
DIVIDE ( LineVolume, TotalShipmentVolume )
RETURN
IF ( HASONEVALUE ( shipments[ShipmentID] ), LinePortion * [SumCost], [SumCost] )```

It includes the IF ( HASONEVALE () ) portion so that subtotals on the measure will work correctly.

Finally the per unit cost measure.

`Cost Per Item = DIVIDE( [Total Cost] , [SumQty] )`

3 REPLIES 3
Member

## Re: Calculating Cost Per Unit based off of a total cost

Hello @NBOnecall

A couple measures to get you to your goal.

Total Volume uses SUMX to calc qty * volume

`Total Volume = SUMX ( shipments, shipments[Qty] * shipments[Volume] )`

Quantity is just a straight sum

`SumQty = Sum(shipments[Qty])`

Total cost is done with a cross filter so the shipment id can flow back up the relationship to the cost table.

```SumCost =
CALCULATE (
SUM ( Cost[Cost] ),
CROSSFILTER ( Cost[ShipmentID], shipments[ShipmentID], BOTH )
)```

Then the mesure to allocate the cost per shipment across the lines using our [Total Volume] measure

```Total Cost =
VAR Shipment =
SELECTEDVALUE ( shipments[ShipmentID] )
VAR TotalShipmentVolume =
CALCULATE (
[Total Volume],
ALL ( shipments ),
shipments[ShipmentID] = Shipment
)
VAR LineVolume = [Total Volume]
VAR LinePortion =
DIVIDE ( LineVolume, TotalShipmentVolume )
RETURN
IF ( HASONEVALUE ( shipments[ShipmentID] ), LinePortion * [SumCost], [SumCost] )```

It includes the IF ( HASONEVALE () ) portion so that subtotals on the measure will work correctly.

Finally the per unit cost measure.

`Cost Per Item = DIVIDE( [Total Cost] , [SumQty] )`

Regular Visitor

## Re: Calculating Cost Per Unit based off of a total cost

Thank you for replying. I well definelty try your way, but as I was waiting for a reply I went through and worked it a different way that I think gets the same results, but generally tried to based it off of sumif formula of Excel.

For shipment Cost I added a column to my shipment report -

Shipment Cost = CALCULATE(sum('Random Shipment Data Cost'[Cost]),filter('Random Shipment Data Cost','Random Shipment Data Cost'[ShipmentId] = 'hup ShipmentItem'[ShipmentId]))

Then for the volumn of the item I pulled I used lookupvalue to get the volume calculated from another table onto my shipment table

I then calculcated the total vloume as
= 'hup ShipmentItem'[Volume]*'hup ShipmentItem'[QtyReceived]

After some research I was able to find total volume of shipment by using a Calculate, filter formula.

Total Volume for Shipment = CALCULATE(sum('hup ShipmentItem'[Total Volume]),filter('hup ShipmentItem','hup ShipmentItem'[ShipmentId]= Earlier ('hup ShipmentItem'[ShipmentId])))

And then total Cost and Total Cost per unit was a simple multiply and divide formula.

My output looked like this -

Now my question to @jdbuchanan71, what way is better and for what reason. I am still pretty new to PowerBI so anything helps.

Thanks!
Member

## Re: Calculating Cost Per Unit based off of a total cost

Hello @NBOnecall

For me the "better" way is the one that works that I understand.  Sometimes the layers of formulas can get confusing and I want to be able to predict the behavior of the measures.

If both of the methods perform equally well (calculate quickly in visuals) then I would use the one you came up with on your own.

Cheers!