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Greg_Deckler
Super User
Super User

Dealing with Measure Totals

This one has come up quite a bit recently. The issue surrounds using Measures in Table visualizations with a Total row. The complaint is that the "Total" row is "wrong" for the measure. Technically, the total row is correct for the measure, it's just not what most people expect. What people expect is for the "Total" to display the sum of the values in the column. Measures do not do this. Measures respect the context of the Total row and is calculated within that context. Therefore, a Measure used in a column in a table visualization will likely have an unexpected value in the Total column.

 

There are a couple ways of fixing this. The easiest is to turn off the Total row.

 

Assuming that is not what you want, you can use the HASONEFILTER function to get around this issue. However, the ultimate solution will depend on how your measure is calculated.

 

For example, given the following data:

 

Year Amount

Year1500
Year21500
Year32000
Year4100
Year5800

 

We wish to find the total extra Amount spent above 1000 for each year. If the amount is not over 1000, we wish to display 0. To this end, we create a measure:

 

MyMeasure = IF(SUM(Table[Amount])<1000,0,SUM(Table[Amount])-1000) 

Adding this to a Table visualization along with Year, we get the correct answer for each of the rows, but the Total line displays 3900, not 1500 as we would expect. The figure 3900 is calculated because the Measure is performing its calculation for ALL of the rows in the table, so the calculation is (500 + 1500 + 2000 + 100 + 800) - 1000 = 3900.

 

Correct, but not what was expected.

 

To get around this problem, use HASONEFILTER to calculate the Measure one way within a row context and another way within the Total row context, such as:

 

MyMeasure2 = IF(HASONEFILTER(Table[Year]),
IF(SUM(Table[Amount])<1000,0,SUM(Table[Amount])-1000),
SUMX(FILTER(Table,[Amount]>1000),[Amount]-1000)
)

Breaking this down, we essentially wrap our original measure in an IF statement that has the HASONEFILTER function as the logical test. If HASONEFILTER equals true, we calculate our Measure as before. However, if HASONEFILTER is false, we know that we have a Total row and we calculate our Measure a different way.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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77 REPLIES 77
DanH2000
Frequent Visitor

Good Morning.

 

I'm also having a similar problem in that the total for the measure i've created isn't adding up 

 

DanH2000_0-1634812496359.png

I have tried adding the "IsFiltered" and "SUMX"  functions within my measurement however so far haven't had success (the measurement does contain switch statements too) can you possibly advise? The DAX I'm using for the original measurement is below,

Measure = IF(MAX('Core Data'[Change Impact Size (Major/Medium/Minor/Cosmetic])="Major",
IF(COUNT('Core Data'[Change Impact Size (Major/Medium/Minor/Cosmetic])>1,13,
SWITCH(
DATEDIFF(max('Core Data'[Go Live Date]),max('Date Table'[Date]),WEEK)
, -12,1,-11,2,-10,3,-9,4,-8,5,-7,6,-6,8,-5,10,-4,10,-3,10,-2,11,-1,12,0,12,1,12,2,12,3,12,4,12,5,11,6,10,7,9,8,8,9,7,10,6,11,4,12,2)
)
,
IF(max('Core Data'[Change Impact Size (Major/Medium/Minor/Cosmetic])="Medium",
IF(COUNT('Core Data'[Change Impact Size (Major/Medium/Minor/Cosmetic])>1,13,
SWITCH(
DATEDIFF(max('Core Data'[Go Live Date]),max('Date Table'[Date]),WEEK)
, -12,0,-11,1,-10,2,-9,3,-8,4,-7,5,-6,7,-5,8,-4,8,-3,8,-2,9,-1,10,0,10,1,10,2,10,3,10,4,9,5,9,6,8,7,7,8,6,9,5,10,4,11,2,12,1))
,

IF(max('Core Data'[Change Impact Size (Major/Medium/Minor/Cosmetic])="Minor",
IF(COUNT('Core Data'[Change Impact Size (Major/Medium/Minor/Cosmetic])>1,13,
SWITCH(
DATEDIFF(max('Core Data'[Go Live Date]),max('Date Table'[Date]),WEEK)
, -12,0,-11,0,-10,0,-9,1,-8,2,-7,3,-6,4,-5,5,-4,6,-3,7,-2,7,-1,8,0,8,1,8,2,8,3,7,4,6,5,6,6,5,7,4,8,3,9,2,10,1,11,0,12,0))

)))
zeelongtime
Frequent Visitor

Hi there, Im having problem with the Grand Total for the Allocation Column.

zeelongtime_0-1632518630808.png

The idea is when the 2021 Allocation has no value to give me the average else if tere is value just give me that value. The formula is :

=IF(HASONEVALUE(Data[202109 Allocation Tons]),SUM(Data[4 Months Average]),SUM([202109 Allocation Tons]))

which provide the correct value at the cell level but the total is ot accurate.

Thanks for the help.

 

Hi,

Share the link from where i can download your PBI file and show the expected answer very clearly.


Regards,
Ashish Mathur
http://www.ashishmathur.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/excelenthusiasts/
jonnyA
Post Patron
Post Patron

jonnyA_0-1631648021468.png

Anyone have any advice on how I can get this to sum correctly?

 

Rows:

  • Provider Name
  • CPT Code

Columns

  • DOS - Month

Values

  • CPT Code (Count Distinct)

 

@jonnyA Have you looked at this? Measure Totals, The Final Word:
https://community.powerbi.com/t5/Quick-Measures-Gallery/Measure-Totals-The-Final-Word/m-p/547907

 


@ me in replies or I'll lose your thread!!!
Check out my External Tool for Power BI Desktop!
Microsoft Hates Greg's Quick Measures
Check out my latest book!

alamhaz
Helper I
Helper I

Hi 

In my case its works only when i choose some dates or product filter but when i dont use any filter its not showing total values 

check the screen shot. ss2.JPGss1.JPG

measure is 

Avg Sale lost (total ) = IF(HASONEFILTER('Product Movement'[Date]), IF([Total Qty Diff Avg] > 0, [Total Qty Diff Avg] * [Avg Selling Price (PV)]),SUMX(VALUES('Product Movement'[Date]), [Avg Sale Lost]) )
Please help

Hi,

In your visual, the Date field should actually be dragged from the Calendar Table.  I can help, if you explain the question and show the expected result.  Please also share the link from where i can download your PBI file. 


Regards,
Ashish Mathur
http://www.ashishmathur.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/excelenthusiasts/

thanks i figure out the problem, thanks

tahar1407
Frequent Visitor

Hi,

I have an issue with summarizing multiple measures. This is my Measure :
Somme des mesures = CALCULATE(

  SUMX(VALUES('Calendar'[Add on]),'Calendar'[Add on])

+ SUMX(VALUES('Calendar'[Indirect Manufacturing]),'Calendar'[Indirect Manufacturing])

+ SUMX(VALUES('Calendar'[Royalties]),'Calendar'[Royalties])

+ SUMX(VALUES('Calendar'[Overhead]),'Calendar'[Overhead])

+ SUMX(VALUES('Calendar'[Bank position]),'Calendar'[Bank position]))

 

And this is my cumulative Measure :

Cumulative Total Measure = CALCULATE([Total measure 1],

    FILTER(ALLSELECTED('Calendar'),'Calendar'[Week 3] <= MAX('Calendar'[Week 3]) && 'Calendar'[Week 3] >= DATE(2021,07,17))

)

 

It works properly for some rows but it stopped then :

tahar1407_1-1628082170601.png

 

 

I don't understand what's wrong and why my measure stopped 

 

Could you please help me

 

Thank you so much

BellaLauritsen
New Member

I have a similar problem and can't get it to show the correct total. 

I need to calculate Possible Turnover. 

 

I have a measure calculating quantity on sales order - quantity on purchase order. 

I have a table with all sales prices listed. 

 

I created a measure: 

SUMX('Sales Price Dim - SPD','Sales Price Dim - SPD'[Standard Price (LCY) - SPD]*[Available QTY (POT-SOT) - POT])
 
I have tried with the HASONEFILTER, but can't seem to succeed. Help 🙂 

 

mgiusto
Frequent Visitor

I have a different issue with measures that I can't seem to figure out. I have a drop-down selector for a user to choose an Estimated Cost, I then refer to this in a measure like so: SelectedCostSELECTEDVALUE(PerEntryCost[EstimatedCost])

 

What I want to do next is divide this SelectedCost by the TotalEntries field in my grid below, I want to divide it by the 122 which is the total. Then when I have that value (which is 9.84) I want to use that 9.84 to multiply against the 92 in the first row and have my EstCost field show 905.28 and the second row multiply 9.84 by 30 to get 295.20. Then my final total of EstCost on the bottom row would show $1,200.00. 

 

Here are my measures:

SelectedCost = SELECTEDVALUE(PerEntryCost[EstimatedCost])

Total Entries = DISTINCTCOUNT(CHB_Declarations[CHBFileID])

PerEntryCost = [SelectedCost]/[Total Entries]

EstCost = [Total Entries]*[PerEntryCost]

 

As you can see below, the measure is being calculated at each row level not using the total of Total Entries, same goes for the PerEntryCost, I am expecting that to be 9.84 on each row. (I'm not going to be showing the per entry cost in the final solution, I just put it there to show the issue I am experiencing.) I really just need the EstCost to work the way I have described above.

 

PBI Measures.png

Some more deatil on this table view, this is based on a couple slicers of a date range and one customer, so if these filters are changed I need these measures to recalculate based on the new slicer selections.

 

I'm thinking this is probably pretty easy, I am just having a hard time figuring it out. I tried calculated columns and that didn't work either.  Thanks for any assistance!

 

Michael Giusto

@Greg_Deckler @Ashish_Mathur 

Hi,

Edit the Total entries measure to:

Total Entries = calculate(DISTINCTCOUNT(CHB_Declarations[CHBFileID]),all(CHB_Declarations[broker_name]),all(CHB_Declarations[branch_name]))

Does this help?


Regards,
Ashish Mathur
http://www.ashishmathur.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/excelenthusiasts/

Ashish, 

 

This worked but I had to make it a separate [Total Entires] measure as it affected my Total Entries in my grid and made both rows 122. I created another measure with your DAX and edited the PerEntryCost measure to that new measure and everything works great!  Thank you so much!

You are welcome.  If my reply helped, please mark it as Answer.


Regards,
Ashish Mathur
http://www.ashishmathur.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/excelenthusiasts/

Ashish,

 

I don't see any option to mark your reply as Answer, I did give it the Thumbs Up, is that what you mean?

deepak180391
New Member

Hi, My problem statement is a little different. Below is my table.

Name            forecast   capacity  Leaves               Availability                            Answer column

Abc                   33             37          0          if(37-33-0 < 0, 0, 37-33-0)                       4

efg                    42             37          8          if(37-42-8 < 0, 0, 37-42-8)                       0

Total to get                                                                                                                  4

Hi,

Do these measures work?

Availability inter = if([capacity]-[forecast]-[leaves]<0,0,[capacity]-[forecast]-[leaves])

Availability = SUMX(VALUES(Data[Name]),[Availabiliy inter])

Drag the Availability measure to your visual.  My assuption is that capacity, forecast and leaves are measures that you have already written.


Regards,
Ashish Mathur
http://www.ashishmathur.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/excelenthusiasts/
bob_by
New Member

Hi,

 

I'm strugging with the issue where I need to calculate one measure in a two ways based on the values.

 

The data model is much more complex, however to simplify it let's imagine that I have one column and two measures.If value in column is "D" pick value from second measure, otherwise first measure.

When I use below formula the row by row calulation is good however total is wrong. 

 

Measureif = IF(SELECTEDVALUE('Table'[Column1])="D",[Measure2],[Measure1] )

 

I need to present all values in table and I cannot make columns instead of measures. I understand what SELECTEDVALUE is doing however don't know what other formula should I use n that case. 

 

All suggestions are more than welcomed.

 

Thank you

 

image_2021-05-05_201216.png

 

The result of the Measureif measure is correct.  What problem are you facing? 


Regards,
Ashish Mathur
http://www.ashishmathur.com
https://www.linkedin.com/in/excelenthusiasts/

Hello,

the total value is wrong.

bobby

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