Dashboards with ESRI map tiles don't focus on an appropriate area that contains all or any of the data in the report. To repro, create an ESRI map in a report and plot some data. Next, pin the ESRI map to a dashboard. More than likely you will find the ESRI map focusing on an area of the map that has none of the plotted data or a small amount of it.
Could you please post screenshot of your scenario and post same data of your table? I create a ArcGIS maps in Power BI Service following the instructions in this article, when I pin the ArcGIS map to dashboard, I get the screenshot in my scenario, we can click + or - to adjust the size of map to show data in dashboard.
Here’s my repro
This is a screenshot of a dashboard with an ESRI map (highlighted in yellow)
When I pin this ESRI visual to a Dashboard, I expect the map to be scaled to include all of the data as the default. At a minimum it should have the same scale and focus as it had when I was looking at it in the report.
What happens when I pin the visual to a Dashboard, is it looks like this as the default. I have no way changing the default view from the dashboard. I would expect it scale to show all data.